Many wondered what the Iraqis would do with the functioning, if sputtering democracy that was left to them after American troops completed their withdrawal.
It didn’t take long to find out that, in Iraq at least, the Arab power-challenge dialectic has deep roots:
An Iraqi judicial committee has issued an arrest warrant for the mainly Shia Arab country’s Sunni Arab Vice-President, Tariq al-Hashemi.
The warrant was issued under anti-terrorism laws, interior ministry spokesman Adel Daham said.
The decision came after arrested bodyguards of Mr Hashemi reportedly accused him of links to terrorism.
The main Sunni political bloc has said it will boycott the cabinet in response.
The BBC Middle East correspondent Jim Muir says the country is facing its biggest political crisis since the unity government was formed a year ago.
Nine years, 4500 American lives and the better part of a trillion US dollars. For this.